25 September 2018
Standard Chartered bank today updated its policy on lending to power generation, ruling out new coal power plants anywhere in the world. It confirmed the bank would no longer directly finance "any new coal-fired power plant projects, including expansions, in any location".
This marks a massive shift for a bank that, since 2010, had loaned US$1.8 billion to coal power, including $820 million to projects that added 10,600 Megawatts of new coal power capacity around the world. Even as the policy was being prepared, Standard Chartered was in line to finance three new coal power plants in Vietnam that would've produced another 700 million tonnes per year of CO2 emissions. Those projects have now lost a critical source of finance.
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A huge step forward today in the fight to avoid runaway #climatechange. @StanChart rules out #finance for new dirty #coal power plants of any kind, anywhere in the world! Onwards to the #renewableenergy revolution! https://t.co/oUgkaqpW6W #ActOnClimate #globalwarming #banking pic.twitter.com/mi06Ks4L5k— Market Forces (@market_forces) September 25, 2018
Although headquartered in the UK, Standard Chartered is a global bank and effectively based in Singapore. It is dominant in Southeast Asia, where over 100 Gigawatts of new coal power plants are proposed. Not a single one of them could be considered compatible with holding global warming below 2ºC.
People and organisations from around the world had called on Standard Chartered to rule out new coal power plants in their policy update. Over an intense few months of campaigning, which involved tens of thousands of people writing to the bank, messages came in from almost every part of the world. Market Forces coordinated with global NGOs and groups in Vietnam to publish a full-page ad in the Asian Financial Times, insisting the bank's policy update rules out new coal completely and removes them from the three Vietnamese power stations they were in line to finance.
It looks like the wishes of those people, especially our friends in Vietnam, have been met!
Putting Standard Chartered's policy in perspective
Throughout 2018, seven other banks active in Southeast Asian coal power lending have announced changes to their policies. However, the trend has been towards thresholds and loopholes that keep the door open to new coal power plants, depending on where they are or the technology used.
Singapore's banks have all said they will not finance the "dirtiest" coal power plants, taken to mean 'subcritical', but have clearly kept the door open to other technology types, which are still heavily greenhouse gas intensive.
Japan's banks all updated their positions this year and, while the language they each used was different, they coalesced around not lending to anything worse than 'ultrasupercritical' technology, or that which emits no more than 750 grams of CO2 per kWh. This should mean they would have to withdraw from approximately 30% of the projects they were in line to finance, but still leaves many projects open to receive finance.
HSBC came out with the most blatant exceptions, ruling out coal power except in Indonesia, Vietnam and Bangladesh, three countries where there are some of the biggest pipelines for new coal power (and presumably, three countries where HSBC has a fair bit of coal business lined up).
Who said what:
"Standard Chartered has clearly recognised that our country's economic development should come from clean renewable energy and not at the expense of our health and climate."
“This is what leadership on coal and climate change looks like. Decisions about how the world sources its future energy needs will make or break our ability to contain global warming. Standard Chartered’s policy not only removes a critical source of finance for new coal power plants, but sends a powerful signal to its competitors."
"Today’s announcement is another nail in the coffin for the coal industry’s tactic of presenting coal as necessary for development and poverty reduction, when clean renewable energy is now outpacing coal in terms of price and has so much potential to deliver around the world."
“This is a great move by Standard Chartered and a crucial step towards aligning with climate goals. Investors will be pleased to see the bank is serious about future-proofing its business. Other banks will hopefully use this as an impetus to follow suit: HSBC published an improved policy on coal earlier in the year, but so far it still falls short of excluding project finance for coal-fired power plants globally.”